Mumbai: Babasaheb Ambedkar, the man behind the engineering and forming of Constitution of India. The Indian constitution that we follow today is a brain-child of Babasaheb Ambedkar. He has been famous by many names among which, ‘Dalito ka Mashiha’ & ‘Pichdo ka Mashiha’ are the most prominent. Let’s have a quick look to his journey from ‘Bhimrao’ to ‘Babasaheb’ (The Mashiha of Dalits) on his Birth Anniversary.
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar’s real name was Bhimrao Ramji Ambavadekar. Later, one of his school teachers changed his surname from ‘Ambavadekar’ to ‘Ambedkar’.
Dr. Ambedkar was born on 14th April 1891 in the cantonment of Mhow in the central provinces which is now Madhya Pradesh.
His father Ramji Maloji Sakpal was in british army at the rank of ‘Subedar’. His mother’s name was Bhimabai Murbadkar Sakpal.
Babasaheb Ambedkar was the 14th and the last child of his parents.
Babasaheb Ambedkar was very poor by birth. He was from poor Low Mahar (Dalit) caste because of which he had to face many discriminations in the society. At his school time, he had to sit along with other low caste students on the floor and given less attention by the teachers.
In 1897, Ambedkar’s family moved to Bombay where he took the admission in Elphinstone High School and became the first untouchable caste student to take admission in a well known school.
Babasaheb Ambedkar was only at his 15 when he got married to nine year old Ramabai in 1906.
Babasaheb Ambedkar launched an active protest against untouchability in 1927.
He also started struggling to enter in the temples as his caste and low caste people were barred from entering into the temples.
In 1927, he burned the copies of ‘Manusmriti’, an ancient text which justified the caste discrimination and untouchability.
On 25th of December 1927, Babasaheb Ambedkar and his thousands of followers burned copies of ‘Manusmriti’. Hence every year on 25th December, followers of Ambedkar and Dalits celebrate this day as ‘Manusmriti Dahan Din’.
In 1936, Ambedkar made his own political party named ‘Independent Labour Party’. In 1937, his party contested in Bombay election to the Central Legislative Assembly for the 13 reserved and 4 general seats and won on 11 and 3 seats respectively.
In 1952, Babasaheb Ambedkar contested from Bombay North for the first Indian General Election but unfortunately he lost this election to the Congress party’s candidate Narayan Kajrolkar. Later, he also tried to win and enter into Lok sabha through by-election of Bhandara in 1954 but this time too, he lost the election.
After Independence of India, Babasaheb Ambedkar received an invitation from Congress led Government to become the First Indian Law Minister which he accepted.
Babasaheb Ambedkar was against the article 370 which gave special status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Babasaheb Ambedkar was also in favour of ‘Uniform Civil Code’.
After the death of his wife Ramabai due to long illness in 1935, Babasaheb Ambedkar used to work very hard till late night due to which he suffered from neuropathic pain in his legs. For which he went to Bombay for treatment where he met Dr. Sharada Kabir, to whom he got married on 15 April 1948 in New Delhi.
On 14 October 1956, Babasaheb Ambedkar along with his wife and more than 5,00,000 supporters converted to ‘Buddhism’.