The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 is facing a protest in some sections of the country. This protest was against the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill (CAB), 2019 which was introduced in Lok Sabha on December 9, and passed the fitness test on the same day. The challenge of the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) led central government was then to get a successful clearance in the Rajya Sabha where the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) doesn’t have the majority number. The bill was tabled in the Rajya Sabha on December 11, and it cleared the fitness test gaining the support from 125 Rajya Sabha members with just 105 opposing it.
The opposition parties including Congress party is opposing the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill (CAB), 2019 which is now called Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA), 2019. The students from Assam started protesting against the CAA, during and after the CAB passed by Lok Sabha & Rajya Sabha, and it turned violent when they torched several public properties. The protest in Assam was against the settlement of the immigrants from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh in the north-eastern part of the country.
This protest against CAA then took place in Delhi based Jamia Millia Islamia University where it’s students protested against the CAA, 2019. The students called the Act unconstitutional and that it violates the Article 14 (equality before law) of the Constitution. As soon as the protest allegedly turned violent, several videos started surfacing online showing violent clashes between the protesters and the Delhi police force.
The students claimed that Delhi police used guns to shoot them, while the Delhi police denied such charges. An investigation is carried out in this context to identify the credibility of these videos. The case knocked the door of the Supreme Court also, who expressed their recusal over the issue. However, directed the petitioners to move to the High Court of the states where such alleged violences have taken place. “We are sure that high court will look into all the aspects of the matter after hearing both sides and appointing appropriate committee to determine the fact finding,” observed the Supreme Court in it’s hearing on December 17.
CAA, 2019 is the amendment of the Citizenship Act, 1955. The CAA, 2019 includes the provisions to grant citizenship to all the refugees belonging to Hindu, Christians, Buddhist, Sikhs and Zoroastrian fleeing into the country due to religious persecution in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh. The Union Home Minister, Amit Shah, has clarified to the opposition front as well as to the people of the country that the CAA, 2019 isn’t the act to extradite Indian citizens but to grant citizenship those refugees belonging to Hindu, Christians, Buddhist, Sikhs and Zoroastrian fleeing into the country due to religious persecution in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh.
Thursday, December 19, 2019, 06:55 pm: The news agency ANI has received a fact sheet in the form of Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) from the government sources on the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019. The government sources, as per the fact sheet, have answered almost all the questions to put light on the provisions of the CAA, 2019. In lack of an answer on these questions, people seem to make wrong interpretations of the CAA.
— ANI (@ANI) December 19, 2019