A drone is an unmanned aircraft and are popularly known as Unmanned Arial Vehicles (UAV’s). A flying drone is like a flying robot that can be controlled by a remote or can be autonomous with a software controlled system which has sensors and GPS. Drones are now used in a wide range of civilian roles like traffic monitoring, surveillance and weather monitoring as well as videography, agriculture and delivery services.
Mainly two areas where drones are used are –
- Business Enterprises
- Security Purposes
According to the regulations of the use of Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS) released by the Civil Aviation Ministry on August 27, companies will be able to fly drones. The announcement made by the Director General Civil Aviation (DGCA) on August 27, 2018 was:
Flying drones will be made legal from December 1, 2018 in areas other than those barred for security purposes. They have also committed to start a new policy of legalizing the drone system i.e. Drone Regulations 1.0. As per the Government of India, the commercial use of drones in sectors like agriculture, health and disaster will be seen into effect from December 1.
Drone Regulations 1.0 states that no permission will be required for flying “nano drones”, weighing less than 250 gms. According to the ministry, the Digital Sky Platform will be the first national Unmanned Traffic Management (UTM) portal to execute a “No Permission, No take off” policy (NPNT).
Except Nano drones and those owned by NTRO (National Technical Research Organisation), the rest i.e. Micro – Range from 250gm to 2 kg, Small – Range from 2kg to 25kg, Medium – Range from 25kg to 150kg and Large – More than 150kg. It also stated that the drone must be registered and should be provided a Unique Identification Number (UIN).
According to the report, users will have to do a one time registration of their drones, pilots and owners. For every flight (except for the nano category), users will have to ask for a permission to use a mobile app whose name hasn’t been mentioned. For flying in an airspace, the filing of a particular flight plan and Air Defence Clearance (ADC)/Flight Information Centre (FIC) number is mandatory. Flying in a no-drone-zone area is prohibited viz; around the airports or near the international border as a case can be filed in the Indian Penal Code for flying in such areas.
Restrictions to fly drones in india –
As stated by the government, delivery of payload (inclusive of food items) will not be allowed. Drones cannot be flown within 5km of the circumference of the airports in Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Bengaluru and Chennai and within 3 km from the circumference of any other airports. As per the regulations, drones cannot be operated at strategic locations and military installations and Vijay Chowk in Delhi.
Drones cannot be flown within 25 km from international border. Also they cannot be operated from a mobile platform like a moving vehicle, ship or an aircraft.
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