Home NATION Know About India’s Foolproof Z+, Z, Y and X Security

Know About India’s Foolproof Z+, Z, Y and X Security

A committee consisting of Intelligence Bureau (IB) officials, Home secretary and the Home Minister, is the governing body that decides who should get these securities. In some cases, the state government also recommends to provide this service to common individuals depending upon their level of threats.

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Z+ Security, X Security, Y Security, Z Security
Z+ Security
We have heard so many times on the news that several politicians have been given a Z and Z+ security when they come in the public places. Sometimes, even common men get these securities depending on their situation. Have you ever tried to get at least a basic knowledge about what these securities mean, whom they are provided to and who provides it?




Let’s dig into the details about these security systems:

 

In India, when a common man gets threats from any unknown person, he/she can go to a police station to lodge the complaint and in some cases, ask for a protection. Similarly, there are four security tiers which are provided to some of the high risk but important individuals. Let’s look at them

 

Categories of Security

These security levels are categorised into four tiers. They are Z+, Z, Y and X security. Let’s know them

 

Z+ category has a security cover of 55 personnel [Including 10+ Commando] + [Police Personnel]

 

Z category has a security cover of 22 personnel [Including 4 or 5 NSG (National Security Guard) Commando] + [Police Personnel]

 

Y category has a security cover of 11 personnel [Including 1 or 2 Commando] + [Police Personnel]

 

X category has a security cover of 2 personnel [No Commando, Only Armed Police Personnel]

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Who provides it?

The agencies are mainly responsible for providing some of the crucial security services in their assignments. These agencies are

 

SPG (Special Protection Group)
NSG (National Security Guards)
ITBP (Indo-Tibetan Border Police)
CRPF (Central Reserve Police Force)




Who gets it?

These securities are provided to the VVIP’s, VIP’s, Celebrities, Politicians like President, Vice-President, Prime-Minister, Supreme Court and High Court Judges, Service Chiefs of Indian Armed Forces, Governors of States, Chief Ministers and Cabinet Ministers.

 

Who decides it?

A committee consisting of Intelligence Bureau (IB) officials, Home secretary and the Home Minister, is the governing body that decides who should get these securities. In some cases, the state government also recommends to provide this service to common individuals depending upon their level of threats.

 

Let’s get to know the in-depth details of these security levels:

 

Z+ security – It is considered as the highest security level in India and an additional SPG cover is provided for this kind of security. The people who currently get this service are current and former Prime Ministers.
Even though it is considered as the highest security level in India, it stands second to SPG protection with 36 personnel for security along with advanced weaponry, and the latest gadgets and gizmos.

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Individuals who are under this category of security are entitled to round-the-clock personal security, which includes 28 National Security Guard Commandos, an Escort, a Pilot and Tailing Vehicles, Cobra Commandos and 12 Home Guards.




SPG commandos are mainly responsible for providing this kind of security to the PM, former PMs and their immediate family members as part of the z+ category of security cover.

 

Currently, only six people in the country get SPG protection – Prime Minister Narendra Modi, former PMs like Manmohan Singh and Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Congress leaders Sonia Gandhi, Rahul Gandhi and his sister Priyanka Vadra.

 

Z  security – The Z category consists of up to 22 personnel and extra security by the Delhi police or the ITBF or the CRPF personnel and one escort car.

 

Y security – This category entails about 11 personnel standing guard and it also includes two PSO’s (Personal Security Officers)

 

X security – It forms the most basic category of security. It involves the basic protection and has a security cover of two personnel with one PSO.

 

The main reason behind the formation of the SPG is to give protection to the PM and former PM’s and members of their immediate families. It was formed after assassination of Indira Gandhi which happened in 1984.

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Apart from SPG, another agency called NSG is used extensively to guard VIPs and VVIPs, especially those in the ‘Z-plus’ category. Many NSG personnel are seconded to the Special Protection Group (SPG) which guards the Prime Minister.

 

With the increasing misuse of the NSG security by the VIPs to express their status symbol, it has gone out of control. The Home Minister has clamped down on this misuse and is currently phasing out the use of the NSG for VIP protection in all but the most serious cases (Z-plus category). Hence, a person will get NSG security based on the threat perception rather than status.

 

Crores of money are being spent for giving these kind of protection. Government officials and politicians should realise that they are using public’s tax money for their own protection and should try to remain loyal to their voters by fulfilling common citizen’s need.




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