Mumbai: In a country like India where each and every citizen of the country falls under the right to democracy, there are still some struggles with the right to privacy that over time play drill.
With the overuse of Aadhar card in every day-to-day welfare functions, people’s privacy has come on stake. The on-going scrutiny steals a person’s private identity from personal details to all the linkages through it and bring in to public domain, which opens up the risk to damages. It is no hidden fact that Aadhar card links enough data to create a full profile of a person’s spending habits, their friends, property they own and a trove of other information.
Wherein, Right to privacy refers to a legal framework that provides individuals a legal right to protect their or their data’s privacy. In a landmark decision that will affect the lives of all Indians, the Supreme Court unanimously declared the right to privacy a fundamental right under the Constitution. A verdict that will impact everything from the way companies handle personal data to the roll – out of the world’s largest biometric ID card programme, which has witnessed hailing reaction by all circles, including the Opposition parties, noted lawyers and celebrities.
The Congress party was one of the first to react on the momentous judgment and said that it rejected the Narendra Modi-led government’s attempt to shave down. The main objective of Aadhar was to perform as an “administrative tool” to ensure that, the benefits of welfare schemes reached the targeted people and there were no leakages and falsification.
In the challenges to Aadhar, as the petitioners argued that Aadhar would breach privacy. It became essential for the Supreme Court to decide whether Right to Privacy is a fundamental right or not. Despite the SC limiting implementation of Aadhar to just five services, the Union government expanded its use to multiple services, which led to contempt of court cases that were being filed in the SC.
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This verdict has clearly given the main opposition party an opportunity to attack the BJP-led NDA government for what it called attempts to invade the privacy of the people. On the other hand, Congress senior leader P Chidambaram said, “Today, we can once again celebrate our freedom. Tomorrow, there will be other challenges, other questions, and other attempts to invade the right to privacy. We shall overcome those challenges too.”
The verdict seems to have bearing effects on the government’s Adhaar scheme that makes compulsory linking of the unique biometric identity with bank accounts, income tax returns and for availing government benefits.
The impact with this policy coming into action will be as follows:
1. Nobody would be deprived of welfare benefits if they did not enrol themselves under Aadhar.
2. Signing up for Aadhar was going to be voluntary and not mandatory.
3. The government would advertise informing the public that Aadhar was a voluntary scheme.
4. That it be extended only to three services.
India’s Law Minister, Ravi Shankar Prasad, said the ruling was an affirmation of the government’s stand that privacy was a fundamental right, but subject to reasonable restrictions. Though he clearly mentions that its no-way a setback to the government’s plans for Aadhar, and noted that the court is separately looking into the legality of the Aadhar Act.