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Presidential Poll 2017: Know the Election Process, Power and the Potential President of India here

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Presidential poll 2017, Presidential Poll, Power of President of India
Presidential Poll 2017, the Power, Election Process and Potential President of India

The throne of President of India represents country’s highest ranked official’s power. He/She is the country’s First citizen, the Head of the State and the Head of the Constitution. The post of the President is ‘titular’ meaning formal without position of authority. This system is especially to prevent clashes between the President and the Executive, avoiding a constitutional deadlock due to confusion of the parameters of authority and responsibility in governance.

 

Under the Indian presidential system of voting, the Indian citizens do not elect the President directly, like the US Presidency, but instead he/she is elected by an ‘electoral college’ comprising of the elected members of the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha and also the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of the State. The Union Territories are not included in the process but an exception has been made for two Union Territories viz. National Capital Territory of Delhi and the Union Territory of Pondicherry, vide the Constitution 70th amendment Act, 1992.




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This method of voting by an electoral college to elect the President was chosen by the Constitution so that the post of the President would be free from political party affiliation and prejudice and to uphold the values of integrity associated with the post.

 

The voting system used to elect the Indian President is the ‘Proportional Voting system through a Single Transferable Vote’. While the ‘Proportional Voting’ system ensures that there is uniformity in the scale of representation of different States within the Union, the ‘Single Transferable Vote’ within such proportional system ensures that the candidate selected is based on a hierarchical order of preference. This means giving the first rank to your favorite candidate, second rank to the next best and so on and is considered superior to the ‘Straight Vote System’.

 

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This time the Indian Presidential election 2017 has only two nominees Ram Nath Kovind of the NDA Alliance and Meira Kumar of the UPA Alliance; both candidates are Dalits. On one hand it shows positivity and progression, that positions of power are becoming more accessible to Dalits but on the other hand, it is a sad reminder that caste politics does not spare even the highest office of the country. It shows regression in the face of modernity especially for a country that is considered as an emerging super-power.

 

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The presidential election has grabbed the attention of the people because the Opposition wanted to trump the Modi Government for once, by fielding a common candidate but have drastically failed it in. Nitish Kumar, the Chief Minister of Bihar, by extending his support to Ram Nath Kovind despite the fact that the Opposition candidate Meira Kumar is a ‘Bihar ki Beti’, has knocked the boat of the Opposition.

 

The voting for election of President of India is scheduled for today. With a vote percentage of more than 60% in his favor, it looks like ‘smooth sailing’ for Ram Nath Kovind in this Presidential Poll.




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